To get started in electronics, here is a list of tools described in detail in this article. There are indispensable tools, such as soldering iron, tin, screwdrivers and if you want to make models, hole cards and electronic components (standard) will be necessary.
The Essential Tools Of The Beginner Electronics Technician Are:
A multimeter is a device that includes several functions: voltmeter (voltage measurement), ammeter (current measurement), ohmmeter (resistance measurement), diode function (diode test), and sometimes capacity measurement (capacitors) and still temperature (probe).
There are very basic multimeters and others that integrate more functions and especially robustness. The multimeter’s cords are an important element as they are manipulated all the time and we rely on them to guarantee the electrical measurements we make.
– The Mini Drill
To realize its electronic cards, a mini drill is indispensable to be able to fix the traversing components. The drills must have a diameter of the order of 0.8mm to 2mm for the legs of the components (resistors, capacitors, etc.).
There Are All Kinds, On A Column Or To Hold By Hand.
– The Soldering Iron
We immediately think of the soldering iron. The first-price soldering irons plug directly into the socket. They are often too powerful and heat too much. This is especially the case of irons “pistols” that are 100W and more. There is a wide variety of soldering irons.
Some brands of soldering iron: JBC, Antex, Ewig, Weller (one of the best known).
Workstations where the temperature is adjustable are ideal for making more precise welds on small components (type CMS). A convenient setting for most welds is around 370 ° C. Do not hesitate to test, mainly between 300 ° C and 450 ° C.
Tip: If your soldering iron is too powerful (and connected to the mains directly), you can dose the power through a power dimmer (halogen lamp dimmer type or 230V motor speed controller ). You can make an ultra simple by following this setup:
There are two main families of tin: lead-free tin and tin with lead. For realizations, repairs and the vast majority of welds, leaded tin is more convenient to use because of its lower melting point.
Lead-free tin: melting at 230 ° CE with lead: melting at 180 ° C (more practical)
Tin with lead requires less heat, so there is less risk of damaging the tracks of the circuit or the pellets, and also the electronic components. The lead contained in the tin is not found in the fumes when soldering. The fumes are not toxic. On the other hand, they are irritating. If you weld a lot, it is better to use a hood, a fan that extracts air or be outdoors (nice temperature of course …).
Lead-tin is recognized by the Sn60 / Pb40 marking, which means 60% tin (chemical symbol: Sn) and 40% lead (chemical symbol: Pb).
The industry has been using lead-free manufacturing processes for about 10 years for most areas. This allows for RoHS compliance, which means there are no hazardous substances in the circuit board (so no lead in solder). Using lead-free tin lowers the melting point of an existing solder on board and makes working easier (component replacement, connecting something, etc.).
Tip: you can even put a good dose of lead-tin on solder to easily desolder an electronic component!